Creature from the Black Lagoon is a 1954 American black-and-white 3D monster horror film produced by WilliamAlland and directed by Jack Arnold, from a screenplay by Harry Essex and Arthur Ross and a story by MauriceZimm. It stars Richard Carlson, Julie Adams, Richard Denning, Antonio Moreno, Nestor Paiva, and Whit Bissell. The film's plot follows a group of scientists who encounter a piscine amphibious humanoid in the waters of the Amazon;the Creature, also known as the Gill-man, was played by Ben Chapman on land and byRicou Browning underwater. Produced and distributed by Universal-International, Creature from the Black Lagoon premiered in Detroit on February 12, 1954, and was released on a regional basis, opening on various dates.
Creature from the Black Lagoon was filmed in three dimensions (3D) and originally projected by the polarized light method. The audience wore viewers withgray polarizing filters, similar to the viewers most commonly used today. Because the brief 1950s 3D film fad had peaked in mid-1953 and was fading fast in early 1954, many audiencesactually saw the film "flat", in two dimensions (2D). Typically, the film was shown in 3D in large downtown theatres and flat in smaller neighbourhood theatres.